Exchange Traded Funds ETFs


Exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, offer a unique way to access various asset classes in different industries and regions. 

Understanding Exchange Traded Funds and Their Investment Strategies

ETFs are investment funds that trade on stock exchanges, similar to individual stocks. They are designed to track the performance of a specific index. ETFs allow investors to diversify a portfolio without purchasing each security.

ETFs employ various investment strategies to track the performance of their underlying assets. The most common strategy is passive management, where the fund aims to replicate the performance of a specific index by holding all or a representative sample of the securities in that index. 

On the other hand, some ETFs employ active management strategies, where a portfolio manager actively selects securities intending to outperform the index.

The Benefits and Risks of Investing in Exchange Traded Funds

Investing in ETFs comes with a range of benefits.

ETFs provide diversification by granting investors access to a broad range of securities using a single investment. This diversification helps to reduce the risk associated with investing in individual stocks or bonds. Also, ETFs offer liquidity, as they can be bought or sold on the stock exchange throughout the trading day at market prices. This flexibility allows investors to take advantage of market opportunities and adjust their positions.

ETFs often have lower expense ratios than mutual funds, making them a more cost-effective alternative. The transparency of these funds is another advantage, as they disclose their holdings daily, allowing investors to see exactly what assets they own.

However, there also are certain risks associated with investing in ETFs. The value of an ETF can fluctuate with the performance of its underlying index or assets. Therefore, investors are exposed to market risk and might experience losses if the index or assets decline in value. 

Types of Exchange-Traded Funds and Their Investment Criteria

Various ETF types are available, catering to different investment objectives and asset classes. 

  1. Equity ETFs provide exposure to a basket of stocks, tracking specific indexes. 
  2. On the other hand, bond ETFs invest in fixed-income securities such as government, corporate, or municipal bonds. 
  3. Commodity ETFs track the performance of commodities such as gold, silver, or real estate.
  4. Sector ETFs focus on specific sectors of the economy, such as technology, agriculture, or energy. 
  5. International ETFs offer access to foreign markets and allow investors to diversify their portfolios on a global scale.

Each ETF has its own investment criteria, which determine the securities it holds. These criteria usually include market capitalization, industry type, or target specific location. Understanding the investment criteria of an ETF is crucial in aligning it with your investment objectives and risk tolerance.

Exchange Traded Fund Management and Fees

Thales Capital offers tailored ETF management services that work towards your capital gain. Our managers track the performance of the underlying index and manage the portfolio. The team also ensures that the ETF’s holdings are consistent with the investment strategy and objectives of the fund.

Our fees include the fund’s operational and administrative costs. We charge a democratic percentage of your returns.

Exchange Traded Fund Performance and Risks

The performance of an ETF is directly linked to the performance of its underlying index or assets. Investors should closely monitor the index’s performance and understand the factors that can influence it. Economic conditions, market trends, and geopolitical events can impact the performance of the underlying assets and, thus, the ETF’s returns.

Additionally, investors should be aware of tracking error, which refers to the difference between the ETF’s performance and the performance of the underlying index. Tracking errors can occur due to various factors. Monitoring them regularly can help investors evaluate the effectiveness of the ETF in tracking its benchmark.

Furthermore, it is vital to assess the liquidity and trading volume of an ETF. Higher trading volume indicates greater liquidity, making it easier for investors to buy or sell shares without significantly impacting the market price. 

Why us, could be responded by the What sets us apart, namely:

Profound expertise

We combine technical expertise with a deep understanding of our client’s needs. Headquartered in Luxembourg but with a global reach, we are experts in cross-border solutions. Thales Capital team has an average of 20 years of experience gained at international banks and leading investment firms.


Punctuality and discretion are primordial to long-term financial development and investment performance. Thales Capital delivers well-planned, reliable advice and execution you can rely on. and are committed to being at your disposal.

Loyalty to our customers

To ensure that your interests and goals are always pursued efficiently and effectively, we have a lean and agile structure.

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Ivaylo Markov
Managing Partner

2 Place de Strasbourg
L-2562 Luxembourg

Temo Tcheishvili

Startbaan 6, 1185 XR Amstelveen
Greater Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Filippo Mecacci

2 Place de Strasbourg
L-2562 Luxembourg

Roger Berk
Senior Advisor

Startbaan 6, 1185 XR Amstelveen
Greater Amsterdam, The Netherlands


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  • What are exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and how do they work?
  • How do ETFs differ from other types of investment funds?
  • What are the benefits of investing in ETFs?
  • What are the risks associated with investing in ETFs?
    • Thales Capital Luxembourg is a licensed, independent advisor specialized in private capital management, fund structuring, governance, investments and capital raising.


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